Sunday, September 18, 2011

What is HPV? Genital human papillomavirus (HPV)
 HPV is usually spread through sexual contact. Most HPV infections don’t cause any symptoms, and go away on their own like most of the viral infections.

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the world. More than half of sexually active men and women are infected with HPV at some time in their lives. cervical cancer in women is caused by HPV.HPV is also associated with several less common cancers, such as vaginal and vulvar cancers in women and other types of cancer in both men and women. It can also cause genital warts and warts in the throat.Cervical cancer is the 2nd leading cause of cancer deaths among women around the world
There is no cure for HPV infection, but some of the problems it causes can be treated. 

HPV vaccine 
HPV vaccine is important because protection from HPV vaccine is expected to be long-lasting. But vaccination is not a substitute for cervical cancer screening. Women should still get regular Pap tests. It can prevent most cases of cervical cancer ( approx 72 %) in females, if it is given before a person is exposed to the virus. n addition to preventing cervical cancer, it can also prevent vaginal and vulvar cancer in females, and genital warts in both males and females.
 Who should get this HPVvaccine and when?
Females: Routine Vaccination • HPV vaccine is recommended for females between 9 to 26 years. Why is HPV vaccine given to girls at this age? It is important for girls to get HPV vaccine before their fi rst sexual contact – because they won’t have been exposed to human papillomavirus. Once a girl or woman has been infected with the virus, the vaccine might not work as well or might not work at all. Females: Catch-Up Vaccination • The vaccine is also recommended for girls and womenupto 40 years of age but with suboptimal benefit. Males Males 9 through 26 years of age may get HPV vaccine to prevent genital warts. As with females, it is best to be vaccinated before the fi rst sexual contact.
HPV vaccine is given as a 3-dose series
1st Dose


2nd Dose

1 to 2 months after Dose 1

3rd Dose

6 months after Dose 1

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