- Base your meals on starchy foods such as potatoes, bread, rice and pasta, choosing wholegrain where possible
- Do not ‘eat for two’Watch the amount you eat and don't get angry if your partner stops you from a big meal
- Eat a low-fat diet.Eat very little: fried food, drinks and confectionary high in added sugars, and other foods high in fat and sugar
- Eat fibre-rich foods such as oats, beans, lentils, grains, seeds, fruit and vegetables as well as wholegrain bread and brown rice and pasta
- Eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables each day, in place of foods higher in fat and calories
- Always eat breakfast
- Activities like walking, cycling, swimming, low impact aerobics and gardening are good form of recreational exercise.climb stairs instead of the lift.
- Minimise sedentary activities, such as sitting for long periods watching television or at a computer.
- Physical activity will not harm you or your unborn baby. However, if you have not exercised routinely you should begin with no more than 15 minutes of continuous exercise, three times per week, increasing gradually to 30 minute sessions every day. A good guide that you are not overdoing it is that you should still be able to have a conversation while exercising.
An increased dose of folic acid
Vitamin D supplements
Gestational diabetesA oral Glucose tolerance test with 75 gms glucose and with 3 samples is performed between 24 to 28 weeks to detect gestational diabetes and if detected you will be referred to a diabetologist.
Monitoring for pre-eclampsia
Additional ultrasound scanning
Planning for labour and birth
Where you give birth
What happens in early labour
Delivering the placenta (afterbirth)An injection is normally recommended to help with the delivery of the placenta (afterbirth) to reduce the risk of post partum haemorrhage (heavy bleeding).
What happens after birth?
Monitoring blood pressure
Prevention of thrombosis
Try to be active – avoid sitting still for long periods
- Wear special compression stockings, if you have been advised you need them
- If you have a BMI of 40 or above, you should have low molecular weight heparin treatment for at least a week after the birth of your baby - regardless of whether you deliver vaginally or by caesarean section. It may be necessary to continue taking this for six weeks
Test for diabetes
Information and support about breastfeeding
Vitamin D supplements
Healthy eating and exercise
Planning for a future pregnancy
Reducing your weight to reach the healthy range
- You increase your ability to conceive and have a healthy pregnancy
- You reduce the additional risks to you and your baby during pregnancy
- You reduce your risk of developing diabetes in further pregnancies and in later life